25th January 2019

“William Clifford [the 19th Century philosopher] advanced a principle known as 'the ethics of belief', according to which we are morally entitled to hold a belief only if we are also logically entitled to hold it. We are logically entitled to hold a belief – about what is true as well as what is right – only when it satisfies appropriate standards of logic and evidence, which are objective in their application. In this case, every suitable investigator, confronted with the same range of alternative hypotheses, the same body of evidence, and the same rules of reasoning, would arrive at the same conclusions as to which beliefs should be accepted, rejected, or left in suspense. Beliefs about souls and gods would be left in suspense, since there is no way to determine their truth or falsity objectively.”

Jim Fetzer